Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park

The Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park stands as a lasting relic of the Old West, encapsulating a rich and tumultuous history. Established on July 1, 1876, in what was then the U.S. territory of Arizona, the prison was home to a diverse population of inmates, numbering 3,069, and included 29 women, all serving sentences for a range of offenses from murder to polygamy‚Äč‚Äč.


During its 33 years of operation, the Yuma Territorial Prison grew with the forced labor of its inmates, contributing to its expansion and maintenance‚Äč‚Äč. Its closure came in 1909 when the last of its residents were transferred to the new Arizona State Prison Complex in Florence, Arizona‚Äč‚Äč.

Education and Legacy

Interestingly, after the prison closed, the buildings were repurposed for educational use by the Yuma Union High School from 1910 to 1914. An anecdote from this era gave the school its enduring nickname, "The Crims," after a victorious football game against Phoenix‚Äč‚Äč.

Notable Inmates

The prison housed various infamous figures, including Burt Alvord, a lawman turned train robber, and Pearl Hart, a notorious stagecoach robber. The presence of such characters adds a layer of intrigue to the site's history‚Äč‚Äč.

Cultural Impact

The Yuma Territorial Prison has also left its mark on popular culture. It was immortalized in the 1953 western short story "Three-Ten to Yuma" by Elmore Leonard and in both the 1957 and 2007 film adaptations of the story‚Äč‚Äč.

Paranormal Attraction

Adding to the mystique, the prison is reputedly haunted, a claim investigated on the "Ghost Adventures" television series, which only heightens its allure for visitors interested in the paranormal‚Äč‚Äč.


Today, the prison is preserved as a historical museum operated by Arizona State Parks. It is also recognized as part of the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area, listed on the National Register of Historic Places‚Äč‚Äč.


The Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park serves as a testament to Arizona's rugged past. It continues to attract visitors, history buffs, and paranormal enthusiasts, eager to walk through the halls that once confined some of the most notorious figures of the American frontier.

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